The themes and potential projects generated from the visioning meeting and stakeholder feedback from subsequent webinars, teleconferences and individual meetings are:
1. Study innovative research methods. Examples include:
- Examining the appropriate use of the effectiveness/implementation hybrid design in
KT/implementation intervention studies
- Exploring social network analysis as an intervention and evaluation approach
- Examining the use of innovative literature synthesis methodology, including realist reviews
- Developing new KT and implementation methods that are linked to policy needs
2. Develop and study new methods to ensure diversity in KT and implementation science. Examples include:
- Examining methods to target different generations of knowledge users.
- Developing guidelines to ensure diversity in KT and implementation research. Specific
attention will be given to Indigenous populations, minority populations, caregivers, and
3. Study innovative methods for scaling up effective implementation interventions in the context
of patient-oriented research
4. Develop and study KT interventions based on the citizen science approach
Projects that are moving forward
Based on the consultations with stakeholders (see the full report of the consultations at http://bcsupportunit.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/Report-KTIS-Methods-Cluster-Consultations-Final.pdf), 4 research themes were identified to develop projects that could be supported by the methods cluster. They include research on:
- Innovative research methods
- New methods to ensure diversity in KT and implementation science
- Innovative methods for scaling up effective implementation interventions in the context of patient-oriented research
- KT interventions based on the citizen science approach
An open call was subsequently provided via the SUPPORT Unit biweekly newsletter (insert link) and through emails to invite ideas and leadership for projects that would fit one or more of these themes. Consideration was given to the following while working with teams to develop their projects:
- Alignment with CIHR’s definition of patient-oriented research
- Buy-in from stakeholder groups (e.g., patients/the public, clinical communities, policy partners) for the project
- Likelihood to produce tangible impact to advance the science of knowledge translation and implementation
- The fit with SPOR’s training objectives
- Geographical representation
Five projects are currently moving forward and will comprise the work of the cluster over the next 3 years. Details are provided below:
Studying consensus methods in integrated knowledge translation to promote patient-oriented research
Project Leads: Nelly D. Oelke, UBCO; Heather Gainforth, UBCO; Katrina Plamondon, UBCO & IHA; Davina Banner, UNBC
Research Team Members & Affiliations: Kathryn Sibley, University of Manitoba, Manitoba SUPPORT Unit; Jennifer Baumbusch, UBC
Consensus methods are processes by which group members develop and agree to support a decision in the best interest of the whole. These methods show great promise for integrated knowledge translation (IKT), where researchers work with knowledge users to create and apply evidence. This project has three aims: (i) to understand how researchers and their research user partners are currently using consensus methods in their work; (ii) to compare, contrast, and test different consensus methods within the field of IKT; and (iii) to develop guidance that supports IKT researchers and research users to use consensus methods in their work.
A Hermeneutic Approach to Advancing Implementation Science
Project Lead: Martha MacLeod, UNBC
Research Team Members & Affiliations: David Snadden, Rural Doctors’ UBC Chair in Rural Health; Graham McCaffrey, University of Calgary; Lela Zimmer, UNBC; Erin Wilson, UNBC; Ian Graham, University of Ottawa, Cathy Ulrich, CEO Northern Health; Peter Zimmer, Patient
This project will study a ‘bottom-up’ approach to implementation science based on hermeneutics, which is an approach to generating, interpreting, understanding, and implementing new knowledge based on local knowledge. Hermeneutic research focuses on meaning and language. It allows for observing how learning occurs in practice. The project will summarize existing knowledge on hermeneutic approaches to implementation science. Next, the team will conduct interviews and an observational study to understand how practitioners, other research users, and researchers work together to create knowledge and use it for improving clinical practices or policies. A specific focus will be how these stakeholders contextualize evidence for rural and remote practice settings.
Systems Thinking Tools for Evidence Informed Planning
Project Lead: Gregg Moor, Project Manager and Director, InSource Research Group; Allan Best, Managing Director, InSource Research Group and Clinical Professor Emeritus, School of Population and Public Health, UBC.
Research Team Members & Affiliations: Jennifer Terpstra, Research Associate, InSource Research Group; Mary Clare Zak, Managing Director, Social Policy and Project Division, City of Vancouver; Josh Hayward, Associate Research Fellow, WHO Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention, Deakin University; TBA Graduate Student
Systems thinking is an approach that considers linkages and interactions between the components of a whole. It is increasingly recognized as important to implementation efforts. This project aims to build community capacity to utilize systems-thinking tools by translating three prominent tools into an appropriate and accessible knowledge product for community groups. Community services providers will co-develop the knowledge product with researchers by participating in the development and pilot testing process. By making systems tools accessible to community groups, this project aims to advance the science of implementation across community-based initiatives.
Using Documentary as a Method of Knowledge Translation to Reach the “Sandwich Generation”
Project Lead: Sarah Munro, UBC
Research Team Members & Affiliations: Brett Finlay, UBC; Stephanie Glegg, Sunny Hill, UBC, Bev Holmes (MSFHR, SFU, UBC); Annelise Larson, Veria Search Media Marketing; Rivkahbeth Medow, Filmmaker and Producer of Let Them Eat Dirt (Documentary)
Documentary approaches to knowledge translation are an understudied but potentially powerful strategy to enhance knowledge and behaviour change. Documentary can convey meaning, experience, knowledge, and/or emotions emerging from research through the use of a persuasive narrative, with the ultimate goal of facilitating some change in audiences’ knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours. This project explores the use of documentary for dissemination of health research evidence in the “sandwich generation,” working adults in their 30s and 40s who are caregivers for young children and/or aging parents, and are “sandwiched” between the needs of their family and workplace.
Integrated Knowledge Translation 2.0: Citizen Science Project
Project Lead: Linda Li, UBC; Leanne Currie, UBC; Erin Michalak, UBC; Chris Shaw, SFU; Diane Gromala, SFU
Research Team Members & Affiliations: TBA
“Nothing about us without us!” – A motto for patient engagement in research. With advances in digital technology and data science, there are new opportunities to engage the public in developing relevant research questions through the use of their own data. Guided by the concepts of citizen science, this project will develop an online prototype to engage the public in contributing self-reported and automatically-recorded health data, as well as qualitative data (e.g., patient stories) to generate patient-oriented research questions. This project will leverage expertise from three SUPPORT Unit methods clusters: KT & Implementation Science, Data Science and Health Informatics, and Patient Engagement. Working with patient/public partners, the team will also conduct usability testing and evaluate feasibility of using this prototype to collect patient/public-contributed data for generating health research questions.